Potatoes are grown from seed potatoes, which can be potato bits cut into 1 1/2-inch cubes with at least two eyes. You get a vast selection of potato cultivars, such as russet, red and yellow varieties. Potatoes also come in early, late and mid-season varieties that vary in length of time to crop. Potato yield varies by variety and growing conditions. On average, you can anticipate five to ten potatoes per plant.
Yield in Pounds
Under good, weed-free growing states, you can expect to have about 50 lbs of potatoes per every 2 lbs of potato seed planted. So, a 10-foot row of strawberries may alter in yield from 15 to 60 lbs, based on care, weather conditions and whether disease is present. You can anticipate three to six regular-sized potatoes along with some smaller ones from every plant.
Planting potatoes in hills can help improve your yield. Potatoes form under the ground, at the base of these plants’ stems, so in the event that you plant the potatoes in hills, it supports plant stems, protects tubers and helps with potato development. For an easy way to form hills, pull dirt from all sides of the row to support the stems, leaving just a few inches of the plant development exposed. Proper watering also will help increase yield. Damp need moist soil, but not soggy soil, so water before the soil dries out. Mulch can help keep moisture and keep down weed growth.
Problems That Decrease Yield
Along with weeds that compete with potatoes for moisture and nutrients, diseases and pests may also lead to a decrease in potato yield. Potatoes are susceptible to diseases, such as blight and scab, together with pests, like leafhoppers, beetles and aphids. Insect pests can damage both plants and the developing tubers. Any plants that show signs of disease, such as lesions on plant stems and leaves, ought to be removed and destroyed immediately. Too much rain and hot weather may both lead to a decrease in tubers.
Proper Potato Care
Potatoes prosper in a sunny location with sandy, quick draining soil. Potatoes need moist soil and a feeding with a 5-10-10 fertilizer before planting and side dressing in mid season. Growing potatoes in hills protects tubers and helps avoid dark tubers due to sunlight exposure. Consider companion plants, such as beans, corn, cabbage and eggplant to help ward off insects and aid with potato development.