The Life of a Tomato Plant

Tomatoes are among American gardener’s favourite plants to grow from seed, but it is not often that anyone stops to wonder at the life of a tomato plant. Although fruit formation is the ultimate target for any tomato gardener, there are lots of complicated processes that take place before a tomato can mature to this stage in its existence.


Tomato seed germination begins when seeds have been released to moist soil and temperatures between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the seed has taken in sufficient water to activate digestive enzymes, the embryonic plant may use the broken nutrients within the pore to power its increase. Following a week at 75 F, the growing embryo bursts in the tough seed and pushes through the ground. Soon, the very first pair of true leaves will form, looking like a mature plant leaves and the seedling tomato will be racing toward sexual maturity.

Vegetative Growth

Once the seed has germinated, the vegetative portion of the tomato plant’s existence begins. During this period, the plant’s only focus is on raising both leaf and root mass so that it may collect as many building blocks in the surroundings as possible to fuel photosynthesis. Growth becomes volatile in the presence of warm temperatures and rich dirt; this really is a fantastic time to bet or cage your tomatoes, even if you have not already. Some gardeners prune tomatoes in this stage of existence to some principal branches, to make care easier. Many tomato crops continue to grow even when they have begun producing flowers.

Fertilization and Seed Formation

Fertilization occurs once mature flowers have grown on the tomato plant. Each flower contains both male and female sexual organs, letting them self-pollinate. Pollen subsequently travels down the pollen tube, in the ovary of the flower. The many seeds included in one tomato fruit are the result of multiple fertilized ovules developing from simultaneous pollination in a single ovary. After fruits have completely formed and ripened, the tomato seeds are going to be able to grow into seedlings following the fruit falls to the ground and shatters or they are collected and planted in a greenhouse or garden.

Determinate Tomatoes

Indeterminate tomatoes continue to set fruit and flowers during the growing season, until the crust is killed by first frost. Determinate tomatoes grow to a genetically trafficked stature and terminate that increase with blossoms, preventing any additional plant development. When the very first tomato fruits have grown completely, the plant is spent, not able to grow any further or create more flowers.

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